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5G毫米波反向阵极简构架与CMOS芯片实现研究

郭嘉诚 胡三明 沈一竹 钱昀 胡楚悠 黄永明 尤肖虎

郭嘉诚, 胡三明, 沈一竹, 钱昀, 胡楚悠, 黄永明, 尤肖虎. 5G毫米波反向阵极简构架与CMOS芯片实现研究[J]. 电子与信息学报. doi: 10.11999/JEIT240143
引用本文: 郭嘉诚, 胡三明, 沈一竹, 钱昀, 胡楚悠, 黄永明, 尤肖虎. 5G毫米波反向阵极简构架与CMOS芯片实现研究[J]. 电子与信息学报. doi: 10.11999/JEIT240143
GUO Jiacheng, HU Sanming, SHEN Yizhu, QIAN Yun, HU Chuyou, HUANG Yongming, YOU Xiaohu. Simplified Architecture of 5G Millimeter-wave Retrodirective Array and Its Implementation in CMOS Chips[J]. Journal of Electronics & Information Technology. doi: 10.11999/JEIT240143
Citation: GUO Jiacheng, HU Sanming, SHEN Yizhu, QIAN Yun, HU Chuyou, HUANG Yongming, YOU Xiaohu. Simplified Architecture of 5G Millimeter-wave Retrodirective Array and Its Implementation in CMOS Chips[J]. Journal of Electronics & Information Technology. doi: 10.11999/JEIT240143

5G毫米波反向阵极简构架与CMOS芯片实现研究

doi: 10.11999/JEIT240143
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划(2019YFB2204701),国家自然科学基金(61831006,62250610223)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    郭嘉诚:男,博士,研究方向为射频、毫米波集成电路设计

    胡三明:男,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为射频、毫米波集成电路设计

    沈一竹:女,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为毫米波电路及天线

    钱昀:女,博士生,研究方向为射频、毫米波集成电路设计

    胡楚悠:女,硕士,研究方向为射频、毫米波集成电路设计

    黄永明:男,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为下一代移动通信技术

    尤肖虎:男,教授,中国科学院院士,研究方向为未来移动通信理论与技术、智能信号处理与通信

    通讯作者:

    尤肖虎 xhyu@seu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TN43

Simplified Architecture of 5G Millimeter-wave Retrodirective Array and Its Implementation in CMOS Chips

Funds: The National Key Research and Development Program of China (2019YFB2204701), The National Natural Science Foundation of China (61831006, 62250610223)
  • 摘要: 该文首次报道了一种极简构架的5G毫米波反向阵设计原理及其CMOS芯片实现技术。该文报道的毫米波反向阵极简构架,利用次谐波混频器提供相位共轭和阵列反向功能,无需移相电路及波束控制系统,便可实现波束自动回溯移动通信功能。该文采用国产0.18 μm CMOS工艺研制了5G毫米波反向阵芯片,包括发射前端、接收前端及跟踪锁相环等核心模块,其中发射及接收前端芯片采用次谐波混频及跨导增强等技术,分别实现了19.5 dB和18.7 dB的实测转换增益。所实现的跟踪锁相环芯片具备双模工作优势,可根据不同参考信号支持幅度调制及相位调制,实测输出信号相噪优于–125 dBc/Hz@100 kHz。该文给出的测试结果验证了所提5G毫米波反向阵通信架构及其CMOS芯片实现的可行性,从而为5G/6G毫米波通信探索了一种架构极简、成本极低、拓展性强的新方案。
  • 图  1  反向阵基本架构

    图  2  本文提出的5G毫米波反向阵架构

    图  3  接收前端原理图

    图  4  带有补偿电感的等效电路

    图  5  本振网络输出的瞬时仿真波形

    图  6  发射前端原理图

    图  7  5G毫米波反向阵跟踪锁相环结构框图

    图  8  跟踪锁相环中的整形电路

    图  9  5G毫米波频段接收前端芯片显微照片

    图  10  下变频次谐波混频器增益测试结果

    图  11  接收前端增益测试结果

    图  12  5G毫米波频段发射前端芯片显微照片

    图  13  上变频混频器增益测试结果

    图  14  发射前端增益测试结果

    图  15  5G毫米波频段接收前端芯片显微照片

    图  16  跟踪锁相环芯片测试

    图  17  跟踪锁相环芯片测试结果

    图  18  跟踪锁相环芯片通信性能测试设置

    图  19  AM调制模式下的测试波形

    图  20  QPSK调制模式下测得的星座图

    表  1  下变频次谐波混频器性能对比总结

    文献[27] 文献[28] 文献[29] 本文
    工艺 0.13 μm CMOS GaInP/GaAs 0.18 μm CMOS 0.18 μm CMOS
    频率(GHz) 8.65 10.00 21.00~40.00 22.00~29.00
    增益(dB) 6.0 10.0 –8.2 7.0
    输入P1dB(dBm) –18.0 –12.0 –4.0 –11.4
    功耗(mW) 0.6 20.0 74.6 30.6
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  低噪声放大器性能对比总结

    文献[30]文献[31]文献[32]本文
    工艺0.18 μm CMOS0.18 μm CMOS0.13 μm CMOS0.18 μm CMOS
    中心频率(GHz)22.025.724.025.0
    增益(dB)15.08.912.112.1
    噪声系数(dB)6.006.9310.407.30
    功耗(mW)16.030.012.034.2
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  上变频次谐波混频器性能对比总结

    文献[33] 文献[34] 文献[35] 本文
    工艺 65 nm CMOS 0.15 μm CMOS 65 nm CMOS 0.18 μm CMOS
    频率(GHz) 27.0~44.0 24.0~44.0 19.5~31.5 23.5~29.5
    增益(dB) –10.5 10.5 –5.1 6.0
    输出P1dB(dBm) –9.0 –11.5 –15.4 –11.8
    功耗(mW) 0 225.0 55.6 23.4
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  功率放大器性能对比总结

    文献[36]文献[37]本文
    工艺0.18 μm CMOS0.18 μm CMOS0.18 μm CMOS
    中心频率(GHz)242425
    增益(dB)7.011.014.5
    输出P1(dB)11.010.04.5
    功耗(mW)10042118
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  反向阵构架对比总结

    文献[38] 文献[39] 文献[10] 文献[19] 文献[22] 本文
    芯片集成 × × ×
    工作频段(GHz) 6.0 5.8 1.5 2.4 2.4 5G毫米波(26.0 GHz频段)
    调制方式及速率 BPSK 78.125 kB/s AM 10 MB/s 16QAM 151.2 kB/s × AM 100 kB/s AM 100 kB/s
    QPSK 1 MB/s
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2024-03-06
  • 修回日期:  2024-05-06
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-05-12

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