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基于点云分割网络的雷达信号分选方法

陈涛 邱宝传 肖易寒 杨博溢

陈涛, 邱宝传, 肖易寒, 杨博溢. 基于点云分割网络的雷达信号分选方法[J]. 电子与信息学报, 2024, 46(4): 1391-1398. doi: 10.11999/JEIT230622
引用本文: 陈涛, 邱宝传, 肖易寒, 杨博溢. 基于点云分割网络的雷达信号分选方法[J]. 电子与信息学报, 2024, 46(4): 1391-1398. doi: 10.11999/JEIT230622
CHEN Tao, QIU Baochuan, XIAO Yihan, YANG Boyi. The Radar Signal Deinterleaving Method Base on Point Cloud Segmentation Network[J]. Journal of Electronics & Information Technology, 2024, 46(4): 1391-1398. doi: 10.11999/JEIT230622
Citation: CHEN Tao, QIU Baochuan, XIAO Yihan, YANG Boyi. The Radar Signal Deinterleaving Method Base on Point Cloud Segmentation Network[J]. Journal of Electronics & Information Technology, 2024, 46(4): 1391-1398. doi: 10.11999/JEIT230622

基于点云分割网络的雷达信号分选方法

doi: 10.11999/JEIT230622
基金项目: 国防科技基础加强计划(2019-JCJQ-ZD-067-00),上海航天科技创新基金(SAST2022-063)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈涛:男,教授,博士,研究方向为宽带信号检测处理与识别、数字接收机和信号DOA估计与定位技术

    邱宝传:男,硕士生,研究方向为电子侦察和雷达信号分选技术

    肖易寒:女,副教授,博士,研究方向为图像信号处理和雷达信号处理技术

    杨博溢:男,博士生,研究方向为电子侦察和雷达信号分选与识别技术

    通讯作者:

    肖易寒 xiaoyihan@hrbeu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TN957.53; TN971

The Radar Signal Deinterleaving Method Base on Point Cloud Segmentation Network

Funds: The National Defense Science and Technology Foundation Enhancement Program (2019-JCJQ-ZD-067-00), Shanghai Aerospace Science and Technology Innovation Fund (SAST2022-063)
  • 摘要: 针对现有基于图像分割的端到端雷达信号分选方法存在的像素点重叠与处理效率不高的问题,该文提出一种基于点云分割网络的端到端分选方法。首先将雷达脉冲流的脉冲描述字(PDW)映射为点云;之后利用点云分割网络 (PointNet++)对该点云中各点依据其所属辐射源进行分割;最后将具有相同标签的点聚类形成脉冲集合,分别提取各脉冲集合所包含的辐射源并形成相应的辐射源描述字。仿真结果表明:所提方法能够有效对未知雷达信号进行分选,在脉冲丢失和虚假脉冲干扰的分选环境下也表现出较强的可靠性与稳定性,并且由于采用具有轻量化特点的模型使得该方法的执行效率更高。
  • 图  1  基于点云分割网络的端到端分选过程

    图  2  PDW脉冲流映射点云示意图

    图  3  基于PointNer++的点云分割过程

    图  4  基于PointNet++的点云分割结果示意图

    图  5  多辐射源环境下不同方法的分选性能对比

    图  6  脉冲丢失环境下不同方法的分选性能对比

    图  7  虚假脉冲对不同方法分选性能的影响

    表  1  PointNet++网络参数

    网络层级 采样点数 邻域点数 反向插值 特征拼接 卷积次数 激活函数 归一化函数 池化次数
    1 512 16 3 ReLU BatchNormlization 1
    2 128 8 3 ReLU BatchNormlization 1
    3 1 全部 3 ReLU BatchNormlization 1
    4 3 ReLU BatchNormlization 1
    5 3 ReLU BatchNormlization 1
    6 3 ReLU BatchNormlization 1
    7 1 ReLU BatchNormlization 1
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  雷达信号仿真特征参数设置

    雷达类型 重复间隔(μs) 脉宽(μs) 载频(MHz) 跳频间隔(MHz) 捷变点数 脉幅(dBmW)
    常规 [60,90] [1,10] [400,1 000] [–75,20]
    重频抖动 [150,300]
    抖动率[0.1,0.3]
    [1,10] [400,1 000] [–75,20]
    重频参差 子周期[300,500]
    参差数[3,6]
    [1,10] [400,1 000] [–75,20]
    捷变频 [500,800] [1,10] 起始载频[400,1 000] [20,60] [25,40] [–75,20]
    脉组捷变频 [500,800] [1,10] 起始载频[400,1 000] [20,60] [5,10] [–75,20]
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  PointNet++模型训练超参设置

    优化函数初始学习率批量训练样本数训练迭代次数
    Adam0.00116120
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  分选效果对比(%)

    分选方法分选正确率
    K-means+SDIF94.54
    U-net98.55
    PointNet++99.32
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  模型大小与时效性对比

    模型 模型参数量(M) 模型运行时间(ms) 分选运行时间(ms)
    U-net 9.14 574 1374
    PointNet++ 8.70 431 779
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-06-25
  • 修回日期:  2023-12-21
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-12-27
  • 刊出日期:  2024-04-24

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