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基于TDOA/FDOA相位条纹的高精度GPS信号跟踪方法

王芮 王兆瑞 李建斌 金声震

王芮, 王兆瑞, 李建斌, 金声震. 基于TDOA/FDOA相位条纹的高精度GPS信号跟踪方法[J]. 电子与信息学报, 2022, 44(9): 3186-3194. doi: 10.11999/JEIT210994
引用本文: 王芮, 王兆瑞, 李建斌, 金声震. 基于TDOA/FDOA相位条纹的高精度GPS信号跟踪方法[J]. 电子与信息学报, 2022, 44(9): 3186-3194. doi: 10.11999/JEIT210994
WANG Rui, WANG Zhaorui, LI Jianbin, JIN Shengzhen. High-precision GPS Signal Tracking Method Based on TDOA/FDOA Phase Stripe[J]. Journal of Electronics & Information Technology, 2022, 44(9): 3186-3194. doi: 10.11999/JEIT210994
Citation: WANG Rui, WANG Zhaorui, LI Jianbin, JIN Shengzhen. High-precision GPS Signal Tracking Method Based on TDOA/FDOA Phase Stripe[J]. Journal of Electronics & Information Technology, 2022, 44(9): 3186-3194. doi: 10.11999/JEIT210994

基于TDOA/FDOA相位条纹的高精度GPS信号跟踪方法

doi: 10.11999/JEIT210994
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目“精密协同定位”(2016YFB0501900),国家自然科学基金(11603041),天文联合基金:新型高性能宽带馈源及反射面天线赋形方法研究(U1931125)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王芮:女,博士生,研究方向为卫星导航、无源定位

    王兆瑞:男,副研究员,研究方向为卫星导航、非线性信号处理

    李建斌:男,正高级工程师,研究方向为射电天文技术与方法、无线电监测

    金声震:男,研究员,研究方向为雷达信号处理

    通讯作者:

    王兆瑞 zhaorui_w@nao.cas.cn

  • 中图分类号: TN967.1

High-precision GPS Signal Tracking Method Based on TDOA/FDOA Phase Stripe

Funds: The National Key R & D Program of China (2016YFB0501900), The National Natural Science Foundation of China (11603041), The Astronomical Union Fund: Research on Novel High Perfomance Wideband Feed and Method of Shaped Reflector Antenn (U1931125)
  • 摘要: 针对传统GPS接收机跟踪环路结构复杂,以及在低信噪比(SNR)、高动态条件下跟踪性能较差的问题,该文提出一种基于相位条纹斜率检测的跟踪新方法。通过采用到达时差(TDOA)的频域相位测量伪码时延,到达频差(FDOA)的时域相位测量载波多普勒频偏。该方法降低了环路实现的复杂度,同时提高了跟踪精度。仿真结果验证了该方法的有效性和稳定性,在载噪比为32 dB-Hz时,相比传统方法,基于TDOA/FDOA相位条纹法的码相位测量精度提高了60%,载波多普勒测量精度提高了31%,且在高动态环境中也能实现精确跟踪,对改善GPS接收机跟踪性能具有研究意义。
  • 图  1  基于TDOA相位条纹的码跟踪环结构

    图  2  基于FDOA相位条纹的载波跟踪环结构

    图  3  BPSK信号的TDOA相位条纹

    图  4  有限长信号的相关计算误差

    图  5  相位条纹斜率估算过程

    图  6  Hough变换的直线参数估计

    图  7  GPS信号的时域相位谱

    图  8  相位条纹的Hough变换

    图  9  幅度加权的线性回归结果

    图  10  载波多普勒测量误差均方差对比

    图  11  码相位测量误差均方差对比

    图  12  高动态信号的载波跟踪结果

    图  13  高动态信号载波跟踪误差对比

    图  14  高动态信号码相位跟踪误差对比

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-09-16
  • 录用日期:  2022-03-31
  • 修回日期:  2022-03-15
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-10
  • 刊出日期:  2022-09-19

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