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相似网络构建与表征的水下声信号检测

张红伟 王海燕 闫永胜 申晓红

张红伟, 王海燕, 闫永胜, 申晓红. 相似网络构建与表征的水下声信号检测[J]. 电子与信息学报, 2024, 46(1): 58-66. doi: 10.11999/JEIT230253
引用本文: 张红伟, 王海燕, 闫永胜, 申晓红. 相似网络构建与表征的水下声信号检测[J]. 电子与信息学报, 2024, 46(1): 58-66. doi: 10.11999/JEIT230253
ZHANG Hongwei, WANG Haiyan, YAN Yongsheng, SHEN Xiaohong. Underwater Acoustic Signal Detection using Similarity Network Construction and Representation[J]. Journal of Electronics & Information Technology, 2024, 46(1): 58-66. doi: 10.11999/JEIT230253
Citation: ZHANG Hongwei, WANG Haiyan, YAN Yongsheng, SHEN Xiaohong. Underwater Acoustic Signal Detection using Similarity Network Construction and Representation[J]. Journal of Electronics & Information Technology, 2024, 46(1): 58-66. doi: 10.11999/JEIT230253

相似网络构建与表征的水下声信号检测

doi: 10.11999/JEIT230253
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(62031021, 62271404, 62201439), 西北工业大学2023研究生创新基金(CX2023041)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张红伟:男,博士生,研究方向为水声信号检测、复杂网络

    王海燕:男,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为水声信息感知、水下电子对抗与智能电子系统、水声通信与组网、目标识别与跟踪

    闫永胜:男,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为水声信息感知、目标识别与定位跟踪

    申晓红:女,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为水声通信系统与通信信号处理、微弱信号检测与数字信号处理

    通讯作者:

    王海燕 hywang@sust.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TN911.23

Underwater Acoustic Signal Detection using Similarity Network Construction and Representation

Funds: The National Natural Science Foundation of China (62031021, 62271404, 62201439), The 2023 Innovation Fund for Graduate Students of Northwestern Polytechnical University (CX2023041)
  • 摘要: 水下声信号检测在海洋防御系统中扮演着不可或缺的角色,同时也广泛应用于民用领域。然而,在没有目标信号先验信息的情况下,目前仍缺乏行之有效的水下声信号检测方法。为此,该文提出了一种新的算法—相似网络,以解决在复杂海洋背景下水下目标检测的难题。该方法结合了信息几何和复杂网络理论,通过将节点相似度度量问题转化为矩阵流形上的几何问题,测量不同时间尺度上数据之间的相似性,并构建时间序列数据的网络表示。同时还引入了图信号处理理论,以提取目标信号内部隐藏的动力学特性,从而实现无目标先验信息下的水下声信号检测。通过对仿真和实测数据的研究验证,证明了该方法的有效性。结果表明,相似网络方法优于现有的网络构建和目标信号被动检测方法,能够更有效地检测水下声信号,实现无目标先验信息下的水下声信号检测。
  • 图  1  Chen混沌信号

    图  2  不同信噪比信号重构网络拓扑图

    图  3  不同信噪比信号重构网络谱特性分析

    图  4  高斯白噪声重构网络最大谱值及其概率分布统计

    图  5  检测性能对比分析图

    图  6  试验船走航路线图

    图  7  时频图

    图  8  相似网络最大谱数值图

    图  9  试验数据检测结果

    表  1  试验数据记录表

    时间试验船经纬度航速(kn)与水听器布放点距离(km)走航路线对应点
    17:1819°21.694$' $N/115°5.30$' $E8.710A点
    17:50水听器正横位置8.72水听器正横位置
    18:3419°27.903$' $N/115°14.579$' $E8.010B点
    19:15水听器正横位置8.02水听器正横位置
    19:5519°20.765$' $N/115°5.981$' $E8.510C点
    20:30水听器正横位置8.52水听器正横位置
    21:1019°24.888$' $N/115°15.986$' $E8.510D点
    22:05E点位置8.520E点
    00:3018°58.785$' $N/115°28.206$' $E8.556终点
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-04-11
  • 修回日期:  2023-07-25
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-07-26
  • 刊出日期:  2024-01-17

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