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一种用于射频识别阅读器的双频宽带圆极化天线

王丽黎 高智勇 杜忠红 徐亚妮

王丽黎, 高智勇, 杜忠红, 徐亚妮. 一种用于射频识别阅读器的双频宽带圆极化天线[J]. 电子与信息学报, 2024, 46(3): 960-966. doi: 10.11999/JEIT230321
引用本文: 王丽黎, 高智勇, 杜忠红, 徐亚妮. 一种用于射频识别阅读器的双频宽带圆极化天线[J]. 电子与信息学报, 2024, 46(3): 960-966. doi: 10.11999/JEIT230321
WANG Lili, GAO Zhiyong, DU Zhonghong, XU Yani. A Dual-band Broadband Circular Polarized Antenna for Radio Frequency Identification Reader[J]. Journal of Electronics & Information Technology, 2024, 46(3): 960-966. doi: 10.11999/JEIT230321
Citation: WANG Lili, GAO Zhiyong, DU Zhonghong, XU Yani. A Dual-band Broadband Circular Polarized Antenna for Radio Frequency Identification Reader[J]. Journal of Electronics & Information Technology, 2024, 46(3): 960-966. doi: 10.11999/JEIT230321

一种用于射频识别阅读器的双频宽带圆极化天线

doi: 10.11999/JEIT230321
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(61771389)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王丽黎:女,副教授,研究方向为微波与天线系统、先进导航技术

    高智勇:男,硕士生,研究方向为双频宽带圆极化天线

    杜忠红:男,博士生,研究方向为近距离天线阵元耦合抑制技术、新型微波毫米波器件等

    徐亚妮:女,硕士生,研究方向为微带滤波天线

    通讯作者:

    高智勇 398131491@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: TN822

A Dual-band Broadband Circular Polarized Antenna for Radio Frequency Identification Reader

Funds: The National Natural Science Foundation of China (61771389)
  • 摘要: 该文设计了一种紧凑的用作射频识别(RFID)阅读器的双频宽带圆极化天线。天线由弯折处理的矩形贴片、L形贴片和三角形地板构成,通过微带线进行馈电。两个辐射贴片分别独立控制高低两个频段,其轴比带宽也可独立调整,三角形地板可以使横向电流和纵向电流发生变化,从而改变横向电流和纵向电流的比值大小,实现圆极化性能。天线尺寸为0.92$ {\lambda _0} $×0.92$ {\lambda _0} $×0.0064$ {\lambda _0} $ ($ {\lambda _0} $为2.40 GHz时的自由空间波长)。测试结果表明在超高频(UHF)频段该天线实现了49%(0.77~1.27 GHz)的阻抗带宽和46%(0.84~1.34 GHz)的轴比带宽,在无线局域网(WLAN)频段实现了47.5%(1.54~2.50 GHz)的阻抗带宽和24.2%(1.96~2.50 GHz)的轴比带宽,可以完整覆盖UHF和WLAN两个频段,具有良好的辐射特性。与其他双频圆极化天线相比,该天线整体结构紧凑、设计简单、避免了使用复杂的馈电网络,且具有较宽的3 dB轴比带宽。
  • 图  1  天线结构图

    图  2  天线在1.1 GHz时的表面电流分布

    图  3  参数W3对天线性能影响

    图  4  参数W4对天线性能影响

    图  5  参数L4对天线性能影响

    图  6  天线实物和测试图

    图  7  天线实测和仿真对比图

    图  8  天线在0.9 GHz处仿真和测试辐射方向图

    图  9  天线在2.4 GHz处仿真和测试辐射方向图

    表  1  优化后的天线尺寸(mm)

    W4L5W5G1G2W6L1
    41.711148115
    W1L2W2W3L4G3L3
    11548.726334736.3
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  本文天线与参考文献天线性能对比

    文献天线尺寸(mm3)IBWL(%)IBWH(%)ABWL(%)ABWH(%)
    [10]257×257×3340.034.241.020.3
    [11]211×211×29.72.62.05.522.0
    [15]130×130×3040.56.5640.67.7
    [16]85×85×1.631.928.06.711.2
    [18]77×103×122.77.45.73.9
    本文115×115×0.849.047.546.024.2
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-04-26
  • 修回日期:  2023-06-13
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-06-20
  • 刊出日期:  2024-03-27

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